A. The Best Treatments For Teen Acne, According To Dermatologists
Our editors selected these articles independently because we believe that you will like and be able to like them at these prices. If you buy something through our links, we can earn a commission. Prices and availability are correct at the time of publication. Find out more about the TODAY Store. If you went through adolescence without running away, consider yourself a unicorn. Acne, a skin disease that mainly affects the face, shoulders, chest and back, affects about 80% of people between 11 and 30 years old at some point, according to the National Institutes for Health. Driven by fluctuating hormones that increase oil production (sometimes exacerbated by a teenager’s desperate attempts to stop everything), rashes occur when this oil (also known as sebum) binds to dead skin cells, trapping bacteria. It causes inflammation and clogs the pores. according to the Cleveland Clinic.
“To prevent the skin from becoming dry, the skin forms oil in small depressions called sebaceous glands, located in the deeper layers of the skin. “Whiteheads” or “blackheads” are blocked sebum glands. Blackheads are not caused by the dirt that blocks the pores, but by oxidation (a chemical reaction that occurs when the oil reacts with the oxygen in the air). People with acne have glands that produce more oil and are easier to clog, causing the glands to swell, ”explains Dr. Adnan Mir, Chairman of the Pediatric Dermatology Society Committee, Assistant Professor at New York Medical College and Dermatopathologist at Dermpath Diagnostics in Port Chester, New York.
Mona Gohara, MD, a dermatologist at Dermatology Physicians of Connecticut, says there is no standard age or time frame for this “gush” of sebum to calm down. “It is completely genetic,” she says. “Some people never understand, for others it takes 5 years.” And your acne may not end in adolescence – studies show that up to 22% of adult women have acne at some point. In addition, acne can affect an adolescent’s already fragile self-confidence. The New England Journal of Medicine notes: “The psychological effects of acne can be profound, and people with acne are at risk of significant negative effects on quality of life, similar to those suffering from asthma, epilepsy or arthritis. Adolescents and adults with acne have higher rates of anxiety, low self-esteem and depression than those without acne. ”
1. Best treatment for teenage acne
In general, there are two remedies to treat acne and pimples in adolescence: wash your face preventively with appropriate cleansers and identify skin rashes when they occur.
a. Wash your face twice a day with a mild cleanser (no soap!)
“Always wash your face daily and twice a day if your skin is oily or dirty all day,” says Dr. Samer Jaber, founder of Washington Square Dermatology in New York. Make sure to remove all makeup before bed (Gohara, skin care specialist for tissues, recommends using the facial tissue with soothing and aloe lotion to remove makeup from the lips to prevent dryness) and try to clean your face after training.
2. Here are 5 products to try
a. Dove Beauty Bar
According to Gohara, a soap-free cleanser like the very affordable Dove Beauty Bar will clean without aggravating already inflamed skin.
b. La Roche Posay, Effaclar Gel for oily skin
According to Me, acne sufferers should look for non-comedogenic products because they do not clog pores. Recommended by Gohara, this foaming cleanser is non-comedogenic and contains zinc pidolate, whose astringent and anti-inflammatory properties have been shown to improve acne.
c. CeraVe Facial Cleansing Foam for normal to oily skin
“Foam-based cleaners are best for people with oily skin,” says Jabar, who likes this product from CeraVe. “Detergents with ingredients like glycolic acid, salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide can be very useful for people with acne, but be careful as they can be irritating and drying.”
3. Pimples? Spot treat them
All three dermatologists recommend treating pimples on the spot, from the second until almost all of them disappear, preferably with a product that contains a retinoid, benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid.
a. Treatment of acne in 0.1% Adapalene diffin gel
“Differin Gel is the only over-the-counter retinoid and has been a prescription drug for years,” says Jaber. “If there is something you need to do about your acne, start using Differin Gel before bed. Wash with a mild cleanser, dry and apply a pea size of Differin all over your face.”
b. Neutrogena Rapid Clear Tenacious Treatment for acne blemishes
This local treatment with 10 percent benzoyl peroxide was mentioned by Gohara and Jabar for their powerful Zit zapping properties.
c. Drying lotion Mario Badescu, drying lotion for glass bottles
Jaber recommends this proven quick-drying formula for anyone allergic to benzoyl peroxide. It contains salicylic acid to fight acne and calamine to soothe irritated skin.
4. What makes teenage acne worse?
a. Wash your face very often
Believe it or not, excessive washing can make young skin more prone to new rashes. “One of the mistakes that I often see in teenagers is that they really want to improve their skin and that’s why they dry out their skin,” says Jaber. “Dry skin can actually make rashes worse.”
b. Accumulation of fashion products
“Teenagers tend to look for their favorite YouTuber or influencer and put what I call the ‘kitchen sink approach’ on their faces and that can stoke the fire,” says Gohara. Acne outbreaks can take 5 to 7 days to calm down and disappear. Therefore, it is important to follow a basic routine and give it time.
c. Exfoliation or excessive scrubbing
I was told that young skin eliminates dead cells on its own, so he discourages the use of apricot or pearl peels, as these products can be abrasive and irritating. Gohara also says that rubbing is also a big ban. “Sometimes teenagers think acne is dirt and start scrubbing, but scrubbing is bad and washing the face is bad,” she says, recommending that teenagers use a mild scrub with a glycolic pad once a week. .
d. Do not burst pimples
Although it is not at all the worst thing a teenager can do (if the spine intensifies), the three dermatologists warn about the appearance of pimples – treatment on site is more effective. “Popping and popping pimples can heal because you are increasing inflammation. Once in a while, a dermatologist does this and some people feel compelled to peck and pop, but it is something we like to advise against, ”says Mir.
5. When should I see a dermatologist for acne?
Gohara says that if the rashes leave scars or do not respond to a regular routine of gentle cleansing, exfoliation and local treatment, a consultation with a dermatologist may be appropriate. “Some people need something stronger to treat acne, like an oral antibiotic,” says Gohara. And teenagers should not be discouraged. Although acne can be really irritating, 99.9% of cases are curable, says Gohara.
6. More tips from dermatologists
- Best moisturizers for dry skin
- Best sunscreens and anti-aging moisturizers
- 5 DIY beauty recipes you can make at home
- Best anti-dandruff shampoos
- The best way to shower
B. How To Treat Teen Acne
The fight against acne in teenagers starts with effective skin care and does not have to be complicated. Most require only four products: a cleanser, an exfoliant that contains salicylic acid (BHA), a benzoyl peroxide product and a super-light broad-spectrum sunscreen during the day.
This is what morning and night skin care routines would look like – as soon as you get the hang of it, you will be surprised at how quickly it passes – fair skin will be its own reward.
1. Morning skin care routine for teenagers
- Clean with a facial soap suitable for acne prone skin. Choose a soap-free, water-soluble formula that is gentle (since not being delicate on the skin can cause acne), but that cleanses completely. Use a soft towel or a soft bristle brush to make sure to remove excess oil.
- Exfoliating to clog pores with a mild anti-acne fluid peel. You will be surprised at the difference this product makes – much better for acne than a tough facial scrub!
- Apply benzoyl peroxide treatment to all areas prone to rashes. Benzoyl peroxide is the gold standard ingredient in the fight against acne, since it immediately targets the origin of acne. Start with a lower strength (2.5%) and see how your skin reacts before switching to the higher strength option (5%).
- Sun damage can make acne traces worse. Therefore, daily sun protection is the “secret weapon” in acne-prone skin care. Skipping this step can leave behind the redness that remains from an outbreak. If you’ve tried sunscreens, but found them too heavy or too thick, a feather-light, oil-free sunscreen will likely change your mind.
2. Night skin care for teenagers
The night routine is the same as the morning routine, without sunscreen. If your skin is dry or you notice a slight peeling, apply a thin layer of a light, oil-free moisturizer to these areas. You can also pass it lightly around the eyes.
3. Hidden Acne Triggers
The changes that occur during puberty are not the only factor behind teenage acne. Other things that can trigger or worsen the appearance of acne include:
- Do not wash your face gently twice a day. Dirty skin does not cause acne, but if you don’t wash your face enough, greasiness and dead skin can build up. This combination creates the perfect environment for acne and clogged pores.
- Don’t be kind. Excessive cleaning with abrasives, cleaning brushes with hard bristles or products with ingredients that are harmful to the skin (such as SD or denatured alcohol, witch hazel, menthol, peppermint, essential oils and citrus oils) damage the surface of the skin. If it hurts or tingles, it means it’s bad for the skin! Putting your skin in this weakened state can create more pimples and oiliness, and post-acne blemishes are likely to last longer.
- Do not remove makeup at night. Many teenagers cover acne with makeup, but if you don’t remove all your makeup every night, your acne treatments won’t work and your clogged pores will only get worse.
- Inconsistent skin care: the only way to make your skin lighter is to follow a consistent and effective skin care regimen. Persistence and patience are essential.
- Hair styling products: Any creamy, waxy or oily products that are applied to hair that falls on the face can cause rashes in these areas. The solution: keep your hair away from your face and use lighter products to style your hair.
C. Teenage Skin Care Tips For Acne And Blackheads
Skin changes are a natural part of your teenage years. Although you may not have thought much about your skin beforehand, times have changed. Now you have to deal with oily skin, uncomfortable pimples and audacious blackheads, which can be a daunting task.
1. Beat these spots on your teenagers
Almost 85 percent of all people have blemishes! But knowing that you are not the only one is usually of little consolation if you have a big pimple the night before a school game or a big party.
2. 5 ways to care for your teen’s skin with skincare products
Wash your face twice a day. It is important that you wash your face once in the morning and once at night with a cleanser that contains salicylic acid. Cleaning removes excess oil, bacteria and other contaminants and is especially important when you start wearing makeup.
- Exfoliate your skin well. Exfoliating cleansers remove dead skin. This will prevent the pores from clogging. This is a major cause of pimples and blackheads.
- Try a facial cleansing tissue. If you play or exercise, do a quick wipe with a facial wipe. Conveniently store one or two packs in your closet, purse or gym bag so quick cleaning is a breeze.
- Don’t clean too much. If you feel that spots are taking over your face, wash it off a lot. The truth is that you wash your face very often to get the necessary moisture out of your skin, which can lead to new rashes. Wash your face a maximum of three times a day.
- Humidity, humidity, humidity. You may be nervous when adding a moisturizer to your routine if you experience frequent rashes. In fact, however, moisturizers help to hydrate and balance the skin. Try a light, oil-free moisturizer twice a day. A moisturizer with broad spectrum SPF protection is also your best bet to avoid sun damage.
These time-tested tips target current bugs, while helping to prevent future outbreaks at the source. If you’ve established a simple skin care routine in your teens, you’re on the right track to maintaining beautiful, healthy-looking skin for years.