A. The Best Skincare Routine For Acne, Explained By Experts
Acne is an inflammatory skin disease in which blackheads, pimples and pus marks are more common on the face, chest and back. According to Dr. Justine Kluk, of the British Association of Dermatologists, will have acne in 95% of people aged 11 to 30 at some point in life and, for many, it will last until adulthood. “It is also a disease that can have a huge psychological impact on people. A recent survey found that 54% of adults with acne in the UK think it has a negative impact on their confidence, ”she says.
Dr. Kluk adds: “If you have acne-prone skin, try using non-greasy products and look for products labeled as non-comedogenic, which means they are less likely to cause acne.” Non-comedogenic is a term used to describe skin care and makeup products that do not clog pores and often lead to subsequent rashes.
Although acne usually occurs during puberty due to the sudden increase in hormones, there are other triggers in adulthood as well, such as Dr. Justine Hextall, consultant dermatologist, explains. “It is common to see acne suddenly in women in their thirties who have stopped using long-term birth control pills or an implant to become pregnant.”
She adds: “Sometimes work stress or moving to a new city with more pollution or different water levels can make inflammatory skin diseases worse. Having a great routine, medical treatment and finding the root of the problem can help a lot in the treatment of acne. ”
While there is no cure for acne, these are the steps you can take to adjust your skin care routine to reduce rashes and treat them when they occur. To equip you with the best tools, this is the routine approved by specialists. You can rely on our independent summaries. We may earn commissions from some retailers, but we never allow it to affect choices. This revenue helps us fund journalism at The Independent.
Simplicity is the key to treating acne and it is important to be kind to your skin to avoid future irritations. Consultant dermatologist Dr. Sam Bunting told The Independent: “Many people still think that acne is a hygiene problem. In fact, excessive cleansing can deplete the skin barrier and stimulate clogging. So a gentle cleansing is really the key here. ”
You should use a detergent every morning and evening. We recommend the Toleriane La Roche-Posay dermo cleanser (Look Fantastic, £ 12.50), a non-alcoholic and perfumed milky formula that removes makeup, dirt and grime. If you wear makeup, experts recommend double-cleaning at night to ensure your pores are not clogged, which can make acne worse. If you don’t remove your makeup properly, all the products you use will become less effective because they need to be applied to a completely clean face to work.
This means removing makeup and sun protection with a balm or oil-based cleanser, followed by a lighter gel or milk cleanser to completely cleanse your skin. The Inkey List oat cleansing balm is an economical and effective option that is great even for sensitive skin. To apply, massage on damp skin and remove with a warm flannel.
2. Acne and retinol treatments
“Outbreaks are best treated with a combination of non-comedogenic skin care products,” says Dr. Bunting, who recommends using retinoids at night. As explained in our guide to the best retinols, you may have encountered the term “retinoid”, which is used almost interchangeably with retinol.
In fact, retinoid is the general name for a group of ingredients derived from vitamin A, including retinol, tretinoin and many others. Some are smoother than others and some require only a prescription. Retinoids work by increasing cell renewal and making it difficult for oil and dirt to clog pores. It also means that you will see clearer skin with the use of retinoids.
Dr. Bunting explains that retinoids exfoliate dead skin cells in their pores so they don’t clog and cause more blemishes. “They can also have some anti-inflammatory benefits and help to clean the dark spots that the spots leave,” she says. “As an added bonus, they also have great anti-aging benefits, which is a great comfort for many who are faced with the outbreak at the same time.”
If you’re new to them, try the retinol reface from Even Labs (Boots, £ 13.33). As our reviewer noted, “It doesn’t feel the luxury of higher price offers, with its compression tube, fine consistency and lack of fragrance, but its results are consistent with products that are five times the price.” This is a great place to start if you want to test the water without spending a lot.
If you are using a specific acne treatment, Dr. Kluk to use this after cleansing, before waiting 15 minutes before putting on a moisturizer for it to be fully absorbed. “Some acne treatments are mostly used at night because they can make your skin more sensitive to the sun. However, always check with your pharmacy or doctor if the treatment should be used in the morning, at night or both,” she says.
The Aesop Control Serum (Look Fantastic, £ 15) contains highly potent ingredients: niacinamide, sodium ascorbyl phosphate and salicylic acid. In simple terms, vitamin B3, which reduces the appearance of blemishes and congestion, a stable derivative of vitamin C that is great for fighting acne, and a BHA (beta-hydroxy acid) that cleans your pores. We found that, unlike other colored and calcareous formulas, this is a clear gel that can be applied under makeup and day and night.
Dr. Hextall recommends using a non-comedogenic moisturizing moisturizer to soothe acne-prone skin. “This allows the user to tolerate some of the active, but often irritating, products used to treat acne, such as topical retinoids,” she says. Oil-free formulas work best because they minimize oil production, which can clog pores and increase rash, without adding extra shine. Try Dr. Dennis Gross Skincare, a lightweight gel structure in a formula rich in hyaluronic acid that prevents water loss without your skin looking oily or overloaded.
B. A Dermatologist-Approved Skincare Routine for Adult Acne
When you have acne-prone skin, skin care options, “solutions” and suggestions can seem endless and overwhelming – but skin care doesn’t have to be that way. To find the best products, tips and routines for treating acne-prone skin, we turn to two renowned dermatologists for advice.
1. What is acne
By definition, Johns Hopkins defines acne as a very common skin disease that is a “disorder of hair follicles and sebaceous glands (sebum). The sebaceous glands secrete oils (sebum) to keep the skin moist. When the glands clog, they can become very cause pimples and cysts. ”
According to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD), it is the most common skin disease in the United States, affecting up to 50 million Americans annually. About 85% of people between the ages of 12 and 24 have at least mild acne. Fortunately, there are options to care for and treat even the most stubborn and severe acne. The AAD says: “Thanks to advances in treatment, virtually any acne can be eliminated with the help of a dermatologist.”
2. Causes and prevention of acne
So, what exactly causes acne? More than one thing, explains Dr. Brendan Camp, MDCS Dermatology certified dermatologist. “Clogged pores, excessive oil production, bacteria that trigger an inflammatory response, hormonal changes and even diet can all contribute to the formation of acne,” he says.
For this reason, it is a “good idea” to develop an acne routine that is tailored to your skin’s needs. And “while there may not be a single regime for everyone, building a basic skin care routine that can be tailored to a person’s needs is a good place to start,” says Camp.
Arash Akhavan, MD, board certified dermatologist, FAAD, also points out that it is important to remember that “not every acne treatment requires prescription products. A home skin care routine may be all you need to treat acne more bland to control. ” When it comes to caring for acne-prone skin, consistency and routine are crucial, as is making sure you are using the right quality products. Below are the doctors’ recommendations for your morning and afternoon skin care routine:
3. Morning Skin Care Routine
Akhavan recommends that people with acne-prone skin clean their face twice a day. He also suggests that if your skin is oily, the best way to start your morning skin care routine is with a creamy, oil-free cleanser containing salicylic acid, such as Clearasil Rapid Rescue Wash, and “avoid using sponges or abrasive exfoliating brushes to minimize traumatic problems. “Inflammation of the skin. ”
b. Tone (optional)
“Using toner is an additional step that can remove any extra oil and contaminants of the skin, as well as to rebalance the skin’s pH, ie generally slightly acidic (the ingredients in some detergents can nudge skin pH to basics), “explains Camp. Since some toners can dry out, you may not need to use them on less oily skins. However, if you do, he recommends La Roche- Posay that contains both salicylic acid (which empties pores) and glycolic acid to remove dead skin cells that can clog pores and make the skin opaque.
c. Apply sunscreen
Adequate protection of the UPF is an important step in maintaining the health of the skin. Akhavan recommends using a sunscreen “containing anti-inflammatory niacinamide, such as Elta MD UV Clear”. Apply it as a base to be protected from the sun’s harmful UVA and UVB rays.
d. Treat / medicate
The products used in this step may look different to each person, but Camp says that tomorrow is a good time to target new or existing products beauty bug. “One-off treatments are useful for eliminating acne bumps products that contain active ingredients, such as salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide and sulfur, “he says. He recommends the rapid treatment of Neutrogena with salicylic acid with witch hazel or the acne treatment Effaclar Duo by La Roche-Posay, which contains 5.5% benzoyl peroxide. Sedentary stubborn injuries.”
Moisturizing your skin is an important final step in your morning routine. But why? “Llipids, or fats in the upper layers of the skin, help retain moisture and work to create an impermeable barrier between your skin and the environment, “says Camp.” Facial washes and toners remove natural oils as well If you skip this step, the skin will remain dry, susceptible to infections and will appear opaque. ”
He recommends looking for the words “non-comedogenic” when choosing a product, which means that the product is less likely to clog pores and contribute to the formation of acne wheals. ”
4. Night care routine
Camp says, “The best results are achieved through consistency and compliance.” By simplifying your skin care routine, you can make it easier to perform and increase the likelihood that it will be repeated every day and night. “Mirroring your evening routine after the morning routine is one way to achieve this.”
Washing your face at night removes the oil generated during the day, as well as dirt, makeup and other contaminants to which you have been exposed. “Camp advises people with severe acne to stick to detergents that contain active ingredients and that alternatives to acne products are mild cleansers and micellar water.
“CeraVe covers all the basics when it comes to acne cleansers Pele, “says Camp.” Offers a moisturizing cleanser for dry skin, a foaming cleanser for normal to oily skin and cleansing agents containing benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid. ”
b. Tone (optional)
As mentioned above, if you have oily skin, you can repeat toner application at night for a particularly bright cleansing sensation. Try the Avène Gentle Toning Lotion, which Camp says is a great option for people with sensitive skin or for people who need something to soothe irritated skin. He also recommends Paula’s Choice Skin Balancing Pore Tonic, which “reduces pore size while niacinamide helps to relieve redness”.
Since not everyone needs or can tolerate acne medication applied to the entire face, the way you take the medication may be different from someone else’s acne medication. The product recommendations are generally individual, but a milder option that Camp recommends is azelaic acid, which is derived from grains. “Azelaic acid helps to kill bacteria, exfoliate and brighten dead skin Skin color, “he explains. Both he and Akhavan recommend The Ordinary 10% azelaic acid suspension, the strongest concentration available without a prescription.
Camp says that while Retin-A is still available only with a prescription, “retinoids prevent acne by regulating or normalizing the cell renewal process, thereby preventing pore clogging and eruption of the formation” So, without a prescription, try a adapalene gel like Differen Gel, a retinoid that is available on the market without a prescription.
d. Moisturize / apply night cream
Unlike in the morning, your night moisturizer or night cream should not contain a sun protection factor. Instead, look for moisturizers that contain a retinoid derived from hyaluronic acid, a humectant that attracts water molecules to the skin. Camp recommends Avene’s TriAcnéal Night Smoothing Lotion as a retinoid option and Neutrogena Hydro Boost Gel cream for oily skin.
For clarification of hydration, Camp also recommends U.F.O. Sunday Riley’s Ultra-Clarifying Acne Treatment Oil, a facial oil that “complements the skin’s natural oils by moisturizing and softening the skin”. It contains 1.5% salicylic acid and also helps to treat acne.
5. Other considerations
Although this is the order of application that doctors recommend for patients, some dermatologists recommend a general rule of application from the thinnest to the thickest. But Camp says, “I don’t think it’s a hard and fast rule. Most of the time, patients with acne-prone skin should probably limit the number of products they use, as many products can cause skin irritation and worsen acne or possibly clogged pores. And remember, “no acne treatment works immediately or overnight,” says Camp.
He generally recommends that patients use a product prescribed for acne consistently for at least 8 to 12 weeks before deciding whether it will help or not, unless the product causes skin irritation or rashes. “Adult acne can (also) be a symptom of other health conditions, such as: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), which is associated with irregular periods, facial hair, hair loss on the scalp and weight gain “, says Camp. He emphasizes that his acne may be caused by an underlying disease or that it is not responding appropriately for over-the-counter treatments, agree with a certified dermatologist.